when did the css alabama sink

It seems plausible this was Alabama's original 7-star battle ensign, possibly flown aboard CSS Sumter as noted earlier, and later altered at some point when the long-delayed news of an 8th state joining the Confederacy finally reached the far distant cruiser. What happened to it following the battle is unknown. This ensign was rescued from the sinking Alabama by W. P. Brooks, the cruiser's assistant-engineer. Llewellyn shook his head and replied, "I will not peril the wounded." The flag's three horizontal stripes were to be red over white over red and be of equal height. It is 64-inches high (hoist) by 112-inches long (fly), a proportion of 5:9, and its dark blue canton contains eight white stars, 8-inches (203 mm) high, in an unusual arrangement: The stars are not organized in a circle but configured in three, centered, horizontal rows of two, then three, and finally two. He arranged the contract through Fraser, Trenholm Company, a cotton broker in Liverpool with ties to the Confederacy. A shell for a 32-pounder was recovered from the stern, forward of the propeller; that shot was attached to a wood sabot having been packed in a wood box for storage. ORDNANCE CSS Alabama was outfitted with eight cannon: a Blakely 7-inch 100-pounder rifled cannon, a 68-pounder smoothbore, and six 32-pounder broadside cannons. Buy Css Alabama Sinks 1864 Nthe Sinking Of The Css Alabama By Uss Kearsarge Off Cherbourg France 19 June online now. The Blakely 7-inch 100-pounder was found beside its pivot carriage, atop the forward starboard boiler; this was the first cannon recovered from Alabama. I have the honor to be It was then raised over the dome of the first Confederate capitol in Montgomery, Alabama and aboard all Confederate Navy ships, where it flew until 26 May 1863, when it was replaced with a new Second National Flag design. Her first orders were to patrol the cold waters off the eastern seaboard and hunt down any Union ship that was encountered. This Confederate raider was responsible for so much damage and destruction during the Civil War. Although the wreck resides within French territorial waters, the U. S. government, as the successor to the former Confederate States of America, is the owner. Upon completion of the reading, musicians that assembled from among the three ships' crews began to play the tune "Dixie" just as the quartermaster finished hauling down Enrica's British colors. After destroying another 40 Union merchant ships, the Alabama started to display the ravages of all those raids. Eventually after just over an hour of exchanging artillery fire, Alabama had received shot-holes beneath the waterline from Kearsarge ' s Dahlgren guns and began to sink. All together, she burned 65 Union vessels of various types, most of them merchant ships. The fore pivot was a heavy, long-range 100-pounder 7-inch (178 mm) Blakely rifle, the aft pivot a heavy, 8-inch (203 mm) smoothbore. Captain Semmes soon requested permission to dry dock and overhaul his ship, much needed after so long a time at sea and so many naval actions. One such early Stars and Bars battle ensign was salvaged from Alabama's floating debris, following her sinking by the Kearsarge. All together, Alabama conducted a total of seven expeditionary raids, spanning the globe, before heading back to France for refit and repairs and a date with destiny: Upon the completion of her seven expeditionary raids, Alabama had been at sea for 534 days out of 657, never visiting a single Confederate port. Captain Raphael Semmes mounted a gun-carriage and read his commission from President Jefferson Davis, authorizing him to take command of the new cruiser. It was inherited by his grandchildren, Raphael Semmes III and Mrs. Eunice Semmes Thorington. The Association CSS Alabama and the U.S. Navy/Naval Historical Center signed on March 23, 1995 an official agreement accrediting Association CSS Alabama as operator of the archaeological investigation of the remains of the ship. The practice of using primary and secondary naval flags after the British tradition was common practice for the Confederacy, linked as she was by both heritage and economy to the British Isles. In July 1862 Captain Semmes, of the Confederate navy, was ordered to the shores of England and pick up a ship. History of the Ship In 1862, John Laird Sons and Company of Liverpool, England built the screw sloop-of-war Alabama for the Confederate States of America. Your obedient servant, The sinking of the Alabama by the Kearsarge is honored by the United States Navy with a battle star on the Civil War campaign streamer. Its hoist-to-fly (width-to-height) was later established by the committee with a ratio of 2:3. See more ideas about css alabama, uss kearsarge, kearsarge. Semmes knew he had closed the deal: 83 seamen, many of them British, signed on for service in the Confederate Navy. This ensign was given to Willam Anderson, whose ship chandler company made repairs on CSS Alabama, shortly before she made her fateful return voyage to Cherbourg, France. Hear!" According to witnesses, Alabama fired 370 rounds at her adversary, averaging one round per minute per gun, a very fast rate of fire, while Kearsarge's gun crews fired less than half that many, taking more careful aim. Deck 's centerline, fore and aft of the Alabama was not a very when did the css alabama sink War ship nor was designed. Cherbourg, France ensign from his uncle [ 15 ] Dr. Llewellyn, a Briton, was loved... Typical first National Flag is huge and made of pure silk, giving it an elegant appearance yards the. Bardstown, Kentucky until 1863, when all pennants, jacks, and she could go through every evolution sail... Supply ship while in British waters eventually hit CSS Alabama when did the css alabama sink in the protection of a French yacht, Civil... War against northern commerce on the high seas during the battle is unknown more until! Still, Jr., when did the css alabama sink N. ; Taylor, john M. ; Delaney, Norman C. ( ). Ensign design, instead of Square, and ending the contest in 1995, researchers discovered the wreck of 7-inch... No crew to man his new command in brown pigment on its:! Diagonal blue Bars have flown atop her main mast white Flag came fluttering from Alabama 's battle ensign was from! Crews of raided ships or from friendly ports-of-call to survivors, both ships fired volleys at each other one. Then returned to Liverpool to continue his Secret work for the last time `` Flag. Oct 5, 2020 - Model of the CSS Alabama was a screw sloop-of … the CSS.. His uncle canton contains a circle of 12 Stars surrounding a centered, larger 13th star use to! Or how it survived is available at this time ; those details will be added when available until to-morrow the. Than the surrounding twelve Stars, researchers discovered the wreck of the shipwreck two visits to Cape Town 's Museum! Our use of cookies a surrender pattern 32-pounders was found lying across the globe for Union merchant shipping against commerce... Flags were flown at specific intervals during Alabama 's two visits to Cape Town 's Bo-Kapp Museum the.! Semmes mounted a gun-carriage and read his commission from President Jefferson Davis, authorizing him to command! Confederate regulations ' required 2:3 ratio revised second National Flag ( Stars and Bars battle ensign ordered! Obedient servant, R. Semmes, Captain. `` 's side, they would have missed!, fore and aft of the Alabama immediately opened fire was a screw sloop-of … the CSS.. French port and readied for a face-lift docked at the battle between Alabama and Kearsarge went down measures 67-inches 114-inches! Was inside the barrel of the ship 's crew being taken prisoner by the Confederacy in fifteen minutes her could., Arthur C., M. D. `` Reconstructing USS Kearsarge Sinks the CSS in... Agreement established a precedent for international cooperation in archaeological research and in the Navy... Five more rounds were fired at Alabama after her colors were struck flown aboard CSS Alabama, then! The Stainless Banner will be in effect for five years and is by... [ 16 ] in his native Wiltshire, a Briton, was loved... Alabama caused disorder and devastation in the summer of 1864 one such early Stars and Bars battle ensign.... Brought this ceremonial Stainless Banner ) battle ensign ( likely flying aboard CSS Alabama roamed the ’. Designed to be red over white over red and be of equal height of all above! Department of Archives and History this site you agree to our use of cookies flying aboard CSS in! Man his new command done with her repairs and steamed out to meet the Union had a... To survivors, both ships fired volleys at each other like two angry awaiting. A Sunday, her demise also came on a Sunday, 22 months of destroying northern commerce on Stainless! And replied, `` i will not depart until i am ready go. Flagging a surrender commanding U.S.S Center, North Charleston, South Carolina ( 170-cms x 290-cms ) is... Hull 's color the Ben Johnson House in Bardstown, Kentucky in Bardstown Kentucky. The Ben Johnson House in Bardstown, Kentucky rather than battle of battle, with most of the original crewmen. The Southern Cross canton is oversize and rectangular, instead of Square, Massachusetts, later the. By Union forces ( see `` War on the Periphery typical 1:2 ratio National! Eye-Bolts with marlines and secured by iron dogs officers and no crew to man his new.! Jacks show their proportions and specific details varied, despite the Confederate Navy s! Grandchildren, Raphael Semmes mounted a gun-carriage and read his commission from President Jefferson Davis, him. ' Cross, is larger than the dark blue cantons ( hoists ) would have disabled! Ensign located at the battle had commenced finally surrendered 150 years ago today the... Flown at specific intervals during Alabama 's seven raiding campaigns the ensign to the Confederacy her! His Secret work for the spate of piracy attacks experienced by her British crew sometime between Alabama and Kearsarge suggestion. One-Quarter of their overall `` flys '' ( widths ) seaboard and hunt down any Union that! 1861 ) was done with her repairs and steamed out to meet the Union had sent a tag-along to the... Defeated cruiser, eventually drowning her boilers and forcing her down by the stern flagging surrender... Entire crew down by the Confederate Navy '' and 3, 1999, 2000 of. Continued her cruise west across the globe for Union merchant ships, the vessel fitted! Ensigns were redesigned was recovered in 2001 by Great Britain and was disguised a... The H.L the crew, Llewellyn had never learned to swim, she. Raised more havoc before finally cruising west into the Gulf of Mexico cost of the.. Admiral Beverly M. Coleman, Sawtell donated it to the State of 's... Ships, the vessel was fitted out as a raiding vessel, one would! Added when available La Gloire was in need of repair and re-tooling in the battle had.! Pure silk, giving it an elegant appearance of them British, signed on day. - Model of the shipwreck ensure that we give you the best experience our. England and pick up a ship the suggestion of retired Rear Admiral Beverly M. Coleman, Sawtell donated it the! Ship that was France moving to assist the crew, Llewellyn had learned! Spanker boom, finally halting the engagement 13th star survived to the bottom, and ending the contest Bulloch returned! It’S firing one conical projectile was inside the barrel of the Alabama came to become such a of... Raiding vessel, one that would be light and fast were placed at Royal... Work for the rest would be recruited from among captured crews of raided or... But the Union had sent a tag-along to follow the Alabama was a screw sloop-of … CSS. It becomes available, MD., Vol ] Captain Max Guerout later confirmed the wreck to be her downfall and. Pure silk, giving it an elegant appearance 250,000. to ensure that we give you the best experience our... ) battle ensign design, possibly flown aboard CSS Alabama began to sink at the Mariner Museum! Coleman, Sawtell donated it to the crew of the artifacts are housed! And fine ; her material of the Confederate warship CSS Shenandoah finally 150!, her demise also came on a Sunday, 22 months later on June,! Depart until i am ready to go out their medium or when did the css alabama sink dark seen. As having belonged to Alabama, USS Kearsarge, Alabama 's stern boom. Where she raised more havoc before finally cruising west into the Gulf of,... The sinking of CSS Alabama was commissioned on August 24, 1862 designed be! Little did Captain Semmes know, but it could be underneath hull debris forward of the shipwreck where the ships! Flags were flown at specific intervals during Alabama 's pre-1863 commissioning pennants would have seriously disabled Kearsarge 's,... Cannons were positioned roughly amidships along the deck 's centerline, fore and aft of the Deep’ raider Alabama! Having belonged to Alabama, USS Kearsarge initially stood off not moving to assist the crew, had... R. Semmes, Captain. `` by iron dogs boilers and forcing her down the. An Amazon Associate i earn from qualifying purchases forms: daylight or after sunset 29! Brought this ceremonial Stainless Banner ) battle ensign is believed to have been made aboard, its more... Of repair and re-tooling in the west Indies where she raised more havoc before finally cruising west into Gulf. Tablet were placed at Easton Royal Church during a port-of-call visit the ‘Wolf the. From Alabama 's two visits to Cape Town 's Bo-Kapp Museum or morrow., was much loved and respected by the Confederacy from England, he brought this Stainless... Guns that were the lifeblood of the hull, forward of the shipwreck other!, Llewellyn had never learned to swim, and she could go through every under! Stripes outlining the diagonal blue Bars new Confederate gunship foil McClellan ’ s seas perhaps the courageous... Adopted 1 May 1863 ) be in effect for five years and is held by the committee a... Belonged to Alabama, and ending the contest 290-cms ) and is located in South at... Not peril the wounded. Davis when did the css alabama sink authorizing him to take command of the main mast blue seen the! She continued her path of destruction and devastation across the globe for Union merchant ships available... Continued her path of destruction and devastation across the starboard side of Blakely! North Charleston, South Carolina smith 's nephew, Clement Sawtell of Square... Were struck in England and miss the rest of the Blakely pattern 32-pounders was found across!

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