The Latin name for this mineral was "aurum" and Jöns Jakob Berzelius used Au to represent the element when he established the current system of chemical symbols. Pure elemental gold is 24 karats, while 18-karat gold is 75 percent pure gold, 14-karat gold is 58.5 percent pure gold, and 10-karat gold is 41.7 percent pure gold. It is the most malleable and ductile of all the elements and a single gram can be beaten into a sheet one square meter sheet of gold leaf. Flexible - Mineral bends but doesn't regain its shape once released (selenite, gypsum). Also, study the mineralization process of gold in general to determine which segment of a particular area may yield gold. It is a good conductor of heat and electricity. Malleable - Mineral can be modified in shape without breaking and can be flattened to a thin sheet (copper, gold). Gold Properties. Where to Find Gold in the US US Geological Survey scientists believe that there are still 52,000 tons of gold in the ground, and this estimate is on the conservative side. It leaf can be beaten thin enough to become semi-transparent. The water vapors carried other minerals upward too, of which gold, silver, iron and platinum are just a few. Identify each mineral by comparing the characteristics provided below Common Minerals Examine the photograph of each mineral in the textbook (smaller versions are provided here), and note any conspicuous features you see. Another clue to a true gold find is an absence of “cleavage,” a characteristic sought by geologists when they differentiate gold deposits from other minerals. Typically, a Gold nugget is 70% to 95% Gold, while the remainder is silver. Gold metal flakes may be eaten in foods or drinks, although it is a common allergen for some. It is the most malleable of all metals. Gold Characteristics. These properties include the rock formations, structure, fault lines and the primary mineral content of the area. Identify each mineral by comparing the characteristics provided below with characteristics in the textbook (see Sections 4.3, 4.5, 4.8, and 4.9). Gold is one of the first minerals used by prehistoric cultures. Research the geological properties of a particular gold-bearing area of interest. Sectile - Mineral can be cut with a knife into thin shavings (talc). Gold - Gold - Properties, occurrences, and uses: Gold is one of the densest of all metals. Quick NavTop Properties Associated Commodities Companies producing Gold Significant deposits Locality List Mineral and/or Locality Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy , a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. A single gram of gold can be beaten into a sheet of 1 square meter, and an avoirdupois ounce into 300 square feet. In its natural form, Gold contains traces of silver, as well as traces of iron and copper. It is a soft, yellow, metal with a beautiful lustrous sheen. Silica has distinctive characteristics of its own, one of which is that it tends to trap heavier elements when they are passed over and through it in a dissolved form. It is a good conductor of heat and electricity. Gold is one of the most popular minerals in the world since the earliest times because of its value and special properties. Although gold is a heavy, dense metal, it is generally considered nontoxic. Gold is an excellent conductor of heat and electricity. Brittle - Mineral crushes to angular fragments (quartz). It is also soft and the most malleable and ductile of the elements; an ounce (28 grams) can be beaten out to 187 square feet (about 17 square metres) in extremely thin sheets called gold leaf.