The Trojan War is thought to have taken place near the end of the Bronze Age. The short answer is no. The Trojan War and the sacking of the city aren't myth, but historical fact. It is hard to imagine a war taking place on quite the scale the poet described, and lasting as long as 10 years when the citadel was fairly compact, as archaeologists have discovered. For the Ancient Greeks the war represented the bloody end of an historical epoch. There would have been no gods influencing the course of action on a Bronze Age battlefield, but men who found themselves overwhelmed in a bloody fray could well have imagined there were, as the tide turned against them. The ancient Greeks defeated the City of Troy. In the traditional accounts, Paris, son of the Trojan king, ran off with Helen, wife of Menelaus of Sparta, whose brother Agamemnon then led a Greek expedition against Troy. Trojan War, legendary conflict between the early Greeks and the people of Troy in western Anatolia, dated by later Greek authors to the 12th or 13th century bce. But the events of the war itself have been debated extensively, and the actual truth is still largely unknown. It happened between the Trojans and the Greeks. The graves, spanning about 1600 to 1450. The site of ancient Troy has been found, across the … Log on, Was The Trojan War Real Or A Myth Essays say “do my assignment online” and relax, knowing that your homework Was The Trojan War Real Or A Myth Essays is in the right hands. The Greeks won the Trojan War. This version was recorded centuries later; the extent to which it reflects actual historical events is not known. Everyone knows how the Trojan War ended: with a bunch of guys piling out of a giant horse. But that latter belief bears reanalysing and re-evaluating in the light of the latest linguistic, historical and, above all, archaeological research. Modern scholars, however, have tended to be more sceptical. The Trojan War was probably not a real historical event, or at least not in the way it is described in ancient Greek literary sources. The war stirred the imagination of the ancient Greeks more than any other event in their history and was celebrated in the Iliad and the… Our representative will contact you shortly. The Greeks found in the legacy of the Trojan War an explanation for the bloody and inferior world in which they lived. In Greek mythology, the Trojan War (Greek: Τρωικός Πόλεμος; Turkish: Truva Savaşı) was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta. However, historians think that the Trojan War might have been based on real military conflicts. Whether it was inspired by a war waged long ago, or was simply an ingenious invention, it left its mark on the world, and remains as such of monumental historic importance. Their age had now died, leaving behind it all the bloodthirstiness, but none of the heroism or martial excellence, of the Trojan War. One reason the Trojan War has struck such a chord is that, besides being an excellent story, it has long been suspected to have actually happened. There also survive inscriptions made by the Hittites, an ancient people based in central Turkey, describing a dispute over Troy, which they knew as ‘Wilusa’. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Trojan-War, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Trojan War, Trojan War - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Trojan War - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Among the ruins archeologists have found evidence of fire and arrowheads that, according to author and historian Daisy Dunn , “hint at warfare.” Also surviving are inscriptions made by the ancient people of Hittites, who describe some dispute over ‘Wilusa’ – or Troy as they knew it. Brad Pitt might have something to say about this after playing Achilles in the movie Troy.. Top 5 Trojan War Historical Facts. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Trojan War was a long ordeal that is thought to have lasted for 10 years. I'm convinced that the Greeks were at war with the residents of this part of western turkey all through the bronze age. I'm convinced that the Greeks were at war with the residents of this part of western turkey all through the bronze age. Authors as diverse as John Dryden, Alexander Pope and Louis MacNeice have been moved to translate various versions of the classical myth. According to legend, it was fought for love; in actuality, it was probably fought to end Troy's commercial control of the seas. The resulting Iliad is likely the result of that inspiration. And if you liked this story, sign up for the weekly bbc.com features newsletter, called The Essential List. On two points all – or almost all – ancient Greeks did agree: that ‘Homer’ was somehow responsible for both epic poems, and that the conflict at the heart of them, the Trojan War, was historically authentic – it had really happened. The Romans went so far as to present themselves as the descendants of the surviving Trojans. The Trojan Horse is a story from the Trojan War about the subterfuge that the Greeks used to enter the independent city of Troy and win the war. A historic Trojan War would have been quite different from the one that dominates Homer’s epic. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. In his poem, the Aeneid, Virgil described how the hero Aeneas escaped the burning citadel with a group of followers after the Greeks entered in their wooden horse. However, the question remains: did the Trojan War really happen? Professional Essay Help ‘If you want professional essay help for your university essays, Was The Trojan War Real Or A Myth Essays make sure that you knock the door of TFTH only. The Trojan War, Your probably heard about this episode in history due to the well known movie : Troy . The war stirred the imagination of ancient Greeks more than any other event in their history and was celebrated in … In Arctinus’s Aethiopis, Achilles is said to have been killed by Paris of Troy. The Trojan War took place in the 12th or 13th century BC and lasted around 10 years. Your project arrives fully formatted and ready to submit. Homer’s genius was to elevate universal conflict into something more profound so as to highlight the realities of warfare. This chapter considers possible Anatolian sources on Troy including Hittite texts, the discovery of a bronze seal bearing a brief inscription in Luwian hieroglyphs during excavations in 1995, Troy's role in Anatolian Affairs, Troy VIh as the more likely candidate for Homeric Troy, and the making of Homer's epic Iliad. The Trojan War began when Helen, the queen of Sparta, was abducted by the Trojan prince named Paris. Number of pages: Word count 275. Although he initially attributed many finds to the Late Bronze Age – the period in which Homer set the Trojan War – when they were in fact centuries older, he had excavated the correct location. However, there was a city called Troy on the Hellespont, and we do know that it was a) fabulously rich and b) destroyed many times over. According to the Roman epic poet Virgil, the Trojans were defeated after the Greeks left behind a large wooden horse and pretended to sail for home. All the gods and goddesses of Mt. Download PDF Aeneas and his men left to found a new home in Italy. They believed that their ancestors took part in the events of the war. Though it is thought to be a legend, recent discoveries potentially linked to the Trojan War are leading people to speculate that the war was real. CONCLUSION Was the Trojan War real? One day, Queen Hecuba of Troy had a nightmare where the city would be destroyed, and the oracle Cassandra, whom nobody believed, preached that the return of the alienated Prince Paris of Troy would bring the ruin of the city. Unbeknown to the Trojans, the wooden horse was filled with Greek warriors. The Trojan War was central to the early history of ancient Greece. Yes, because they found his house remains on what is now known as the Ionian The Real Story of the Trojan War These disasters were followed by a dark period that lasted for four centuries in many areas and ended only in the Renaissance period of the eighth century BCE. Whether or not the war happened has been blurred by time and the myths written about it. The Trojan War is an epic story originally told by Homer in the Illiad and later used by Virgil in the Aeneas.There are heroes, gods, and kingdoms pitted against each other. Achilles and Odysseus had inhabited an age of heroes. Do My Assignment Fast And With Attention To Detail. The Trojan War was a ten-year long war that was fought between an alliance of Greek city-states and the kingdom of Troy in the 13th century BC. You asked is there evidence of the Trojan War. The Trojan War was one of the most important wars in the history of Ancient Greece. All we have to go on is myth. Helen of Troy, portrayed here in a 1882 painting by Edward Burne-Jones, has fascinated artists through the centuries (Credit: Trustees of the British Museum). A sacrifice was made to Apollo, and the god sent an omen: a snake appeared from the altar and slithered to a bird's nest, where it ate the mother and her nine babies before it was turned to stone. On two points all – or almost all – ancient Greeks did agree: that ‘Homer’ was somehow responsible for both epic poems, and that the conflict at the heart of them, the Trojan War, was historically authentic – it had really happened. Homer’s purpose in writing the Iliad, to my mind, wa… A soldier dies by the water and “eels and fish make busy around him, feeding upon and devouring the fat around his kidneys”. Updates? Troy was a Greek city-state on the coast of Turkey, near modern-day Hisarlik. Troy, too, is portrayed in such vivid colour in the epic that a reader cannot help but to be transported to its magnificent walls. It took place in the city of Hisarlik in modern day north western Turkey in the Bronze Age. None of the Trojan males were left alive and the Greeks brought Troy to the end by burning it. Greek vases, Roman frescoes, and more contemporary works of art depicting stories inspired by Troy are exhibited alongside archaeological artefacts dating from the Late Bronze Age. Assembling a new book of ancient stories translated by great writers, Of Gods and Men, I was surprised to discover how prevalent the tale of the Trojan War has been down the ages. The Trojan War, in Greek tradition, started as a way for Zeus to reduce the ever-increasing population of humanity and, more practically, as an expedition to reclaim Helen, wife of Menelaus, King of Sparta and brother of Agamemnon.Helen was abducted by the Trojan prince Paris (also known as Alexandros) and taken as his prize for choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess in a … It took place around the time that a civilization that we call Mycenaean flourished in Greece. However, given that The Iliad is a work of fiction passed down orally for centuries before it was written down, archaeologists are hesitant to conclude that such an event took place. According to ancient sources, the war began after Queen Helen of Sparta was either kidnapped by Paris, a Trojan prince, or ran away with him. They built great palaces and developed a system of writing. Unfortunately the Illiad is primarily a work of oral fiction that was passed down for generations before it was finally recorded in writing. John Dryden, England’s first official poet laureate, translated superbly the part where the horse was made: “The Greeks grew weary of the tedious war,/ And, by Minerva’s aid, a fabric rear’d,/ Which like a steed of monstrous height appear’d”. The myth of the Trojan War was certainly truth for Greek speaking people living 27 centuries ago. Was the Trojan War real? Achilles, Hector, Agamemnon, and all the rest of the principal characters were probably completely fictional, or at least heavily embellished. Homer captured timeless truths in even the most fantastical moments of the poem. A Roman silver cup from the 1st Century AD features Achilles (Credit: Roberta Fortuna and Kira Ursem/ National Museet Denmark). The Trojan War was a 10-year-long war between the Trojans and the Greeks. The ensuing war lasted 10 years, finally ending when the Greeks pretended to withdraw, leaving behind them a large wooden horse with a raiding party concealed inside. The behaviour of the soldiers in Homer’s war, though, seems all too human and real. According to Homer’s Iliad, the conflict between the Greeks – led by Agamemnon, King of Mycenae – and the Trojans – whose king was Priam – took place in the Late Bronze Age, and lasted 10 years. The end result was a 20 year journey that was told through countless different forms of art and literature. That is around or before 1200 B.C. The Achaean leaders first gathered at the port of Aulis. The entire epic is steeped in myth and fiction, but the Trojan war actually seems plausible in its depiction overall. Discover the marvels of the ancient world. Corrections? Some experts believe that the Trojan War described in the Iliad never occur, while many others are convinced that the epic is based on real historical events. If you would like to comment on this story or anything else you have seen on BBC Culture, head over to our Facebook page or message us on Twitter. The Trojan War and the sacking of the city aren't myth, but historical fact. Another myth attributes the origin of the Trojan War to a quarrel between the goddesses Athena, Aphrodite, and Hera over who among them was the fairest. Was The Trojan Horse Real? But for those who believe there was a conflict, these clues are welcome. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In and before the 17th century A.D. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. The Trojan War was in fact a real war, but the reasons that lay behind the war may be varying widely. But that latter belief bears reanalysing and re-evaluating in the light of the latest linguistic, historical and, above all, archaeological research. The Greeks would retaliate by battling the Trojan for years. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Trojan War is the story of a trickster, Odysseus, and a survivor, Aeneas. The Trojan War. None of this constitutes proof of a Trojan War. Olympus had been invited except Eris, the goddess of discord. The earliest accounts of this war come from Homer, who lived around the eighth century B.C., several centuries after the events took place. A handpicked selection of stories from BBC Future, Culture, Worklife and Travel, delivered to your inbox every Friday. Of Gods and Men: 100 Stories from Ancient Greece and Rome by Daisy Dunn is published now. The Trojan War started after an incident at the wedding feast of Peleus, the king of Thessaly, and Thetis, a sea goddess. It was said that it was fated that Th… The death of Achilles, the greatest Greek warrior of the Trojan War, is not described in Homeric works. Due to a great lack of evidence even to prove that Hisarlik is the real Troy, the question of whether or not the Trojan War really took place remains unanswered. The Classical legends of the Trojan War developed continuously throughout Greek and Latin literature.In Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey, the earliest literary evidence available, the chief stories have already taken shape, and individual themes were elaborated later, especially in Greek drama. They sacked Troy after the Trojans brought the horse inside the city walls. It was in fact the prospect of rediscovering Homer’s Troy that led the rich Prussian businessman, Heinrich Schliemann, to travel to what is now Turkey in the late 19th Century. The Wounded Achilles, 1825, by Filippo Albacini (Credit: Devonshire Collections, Chatsworth/ Chatsworth Settlement Trustees). It is however known for sure, that the story of the Greek Horse, is in fact a myth. The Trojan War. The war stirred the imagination of the ancient Greeks more than any other event in their history and was celebrated in the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer, as well as a number of other early works now lost, and frequently provided material for the great dramatists of the Classical Age. From classical sources, it can be said that the Trojan War started after the elopement (or abduction) of the queen of Sparta, Helen by Paris, the Trojan prince. The war is one of the most important events in Greek mythology and has been narrated through many works of Greek literature, most notably Homer's Iliad. It was an epoch-defining moment in their distant past. In a play inspired by Homer, and translated by Louis MacNeice, the Greek tragedian Aeschylus described, after the war, Clytemnestra murdering her husband, Agamemnon, “Who carelessly, as if it were a head of a sheep/Out of the abundance of his fleecy flocks,/Sacrificed his own daughter”, Iphigenia, to appease a goddess so he might have a fair wind for his voyage to Troy. Hana Bolter Mr. Sunshine English 11 September 23, 2020 Was the Trojan War real? Archaeological finds in Turkey suggest that the city of Troy did exist but that a conflict on the immense scale of a 10-year siege may not have actually occurred. The cause of the Trojan War goes back to a prophecy that deals with the Olympian order and a divine love contest. 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